Hannah Höch, Der Zaun, 1928, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2018, Repro: Kai-Annett Becker

Freedom. The Art of the Novembergruppe 1918–1935

In the revolutionary turmoil of 1918, artists, sculptors and architects in Berlin formed the Novembergruppe as an “association of radical fine artists”. Its aim was to “mix people and art as closely as possible”. By 1932 the Group had exhibited about 3,000 works by 470 artists, among them many key figures of Classical Modernism, but also artists still waiting to be rediscovered.

After the collapse of the German Empire and the abdication of the Kaiser, many members of the Novembergruppe believed their art had a role to play in building a democratic society and cultivating a new type of human being. Open to every style from Cubism, Futurism and Expressionism to Dada, Abstract Art and New Objectivity, they challenged people’s viewing habits. This liberal attitude to different artistic techniques reflected the democratic principles of the young republic, whose demise also triggered the end of the Novembergruppe.

There will be approximately 120 works on show, all of which were featured at Novembergruppe exhibitions. They present a new perspective on avant-garde art during the Weimar Republic and the social utopias it harboured.

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